Turmoil In Afghanistan: Causes, Effects, and the Future

Afghanistan’s recent history, spanning over a century, has had many notable historical moments that led to the events we experience today. The United States maintained a military presence in Afghanistan for twenty years, ten of those years following the killing of Osama Bin Laden, the architect of the 9/11 attacks and the United States Embassy Bombings. Following the withdrawal of the United States from the country, which left refugees and civilians in a state of constant peril, many new challenges and tragedies continue to arise, including an attack at Kabul’s airport that left thirteen people dead, including eleven United States Marines, a member of the navy, and a member of the army. The attack marked one of the deadliest days for United States servicemen in Afghanistan over the last twenty years. Afghanistan has been once again plunged into a time of uncertainty. Nobody knows what the future might hold for the country and its people.

Jack Birmingham and Mia Khan